Background: Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has a significant impact on patients' health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study aimed to measure health state utility values representing the individual's preferences for specific health-related outcomes in advanced NSCLC patients and to assess predictive parameters.
Methods: We conducted a prospective quality-of-life survey on advanced NSCLC patients in 25 hospitals in Europe, Canada, Australia, and Turkey. HRQOL was assessed using the EuroQol (EQ-5D) questionnaire and EQ-5D utility and EQ-visual analog (EQ-VAS) scores were estimated.
Results: Three hundred nineteen patients were recruited of which 263 had evaluable data. Mean utility for progression-free (PF) patients on first-, second-, and third-/fourth-line treatment was 0.71 (SD = 0.24), 0.74 (SD = 0.18), and 0.62 (SD = 0.29), respectively. Mean utility for patients with progressive disease (PD) while on first-, second- and third-/fourth-line treatment was 0.67 (SD = 0.2), 0.59 (SD = 0.34), and 0.46 (SD = 0.38), respectively. Overall, patients with PD had lower mean utility scores than PF patients (0.58 versus 0.70). The results of the EQ-VAS showed that the score decreased with later treatment lines. Patients with PD had a 10-point decrease in VAS scores compared with PF patients (53.7 versus 66.6). The regression analysis revealed that stage IV disease, higher lines of treatment, and health state were significant predictors of utility at the 10% level.
Conclusion: The results presented indicate a substantial impact of lung cancer on patients' HRQOL, with stage IV disease, line of treatment, and PD, resulting in considerable deterioration of utility. The values obtained here will inform evaluations of cost-utility for NSCLC therapies.