Sushruta: father of plastic surgery

Ann Plast Surg. 2014 Jul;73(1):2-7. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e31827ae9f5.


Sushruta is considered the "Father of Plastic Surgery." He lived in India sometime between 1000 and 800 BC, and is responsible for the advancement of medicine in ancient India. His teaching of anatomy, pathophysiology, and therapeutic strategies were of unparalleled luminosity, especially considering his time in the historical record. He is notably famous for nasal reconstruction, which can be traced throughout the literature from his depiction within the Vedic period of Hindu medicine to the era of Tagliacozzi during Renaissance Italy to modern-day surgical practices. The primary focus of this historical review is centered on Sushruta's anatomical and surgical knowledge and his creation of the cheek flap for nasal reconstruction and its transition to the "Indian method." The influential nature of the Sushruta Samhita, the compendium documenting Sushruta's theories about medicine, is supported not only by anatomical knowledge and surgical procedural descriptions contained within its pages, but by the creative approaches that still hold true today.

Publication types

  • Biography
  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • History, Ancient
  • India
  • Italy
  • Medicine, Ayurvedic / history
  • Rhinoplasty / history
  • Surgery, Plastic / history*
  • Surgical Flaps / history
  • Textbooks as Topic / history

Personal name as subject

  • None Sushruta
  • Gaspare Tagliacozzi