Evaluation of the antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of extracted saponins and flavonols from germinated black beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Food Chem. 2013 Nov 15;141(2):1497-503. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.04.010. Epub 2013 Apr 17.


Flavonoids and saponins from common beans have been widely studied due to their bioactivity. This research evaluated the effect of germination of black beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) on the antioxidant capacity and antiproliferative activity against cancer cell lines of saponins and flavonoids extracted from seed coats, cotyledons and sprouts. Principal component analysis was performed to achieve punctual associations between the black bean saponins and flavonoids concentrations to the antioxidant capacity and the antiproliferative activities. Total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of extracts were higher when obtained from seed coats, mainly from the 3rd germination day. The extracts obtained from seed coats after 3 and 5 germination days inhibited all cancer cell lines proliferation with no cytotoxicity against control cells. Genistein was related with the activity against mammary cancer cells but flavonols and group B saponins were more related with hepatic and colon cancers. Non-glycosilated flavonols were related with antioxidant capacity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects*
  • Flavonols / chemistry
  • Flavonols / pharmacology*
  • Growth Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Growth Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Phaseolus / chemistry*
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Saponins / chemistry
  • Saponins / pharmacology*
  • Seeds / chemistry


  • Antioxidants
  • Flavonols
  • Growth Inhibitors
  • Plant Extracts
  • Saponins