Glioblastoma is the most common brain tumor. Median survival in unselected patients is <10 months. The tumor harbors stem-like cells that self-renew and propagate upon serial transplantation in mice, although the clinical relevance of these cells has not been well documented. We have performed the first genome-wide analysis that directly relates the gene expression profile of nine enriched populations of glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) to five identically isolated and cultivated populations of stem cells from the normal adult human brain. Although the two cell types share common stem- and lineage-related markers, GSCs show a more heterogeneous gene expression. We identified a number of pathways that are dysregulated in GSCs. A subset of these pathways has previously been identified in leukemic stem cells, suggesting that cancer stem cells of different origin may have common features. Genes upregulated in GSCs were also highly expressed in embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells. We found that canonical Wnt-signaling plays an important role in GSCs, but not in adult human neural stem cells. As well we identified a 30-gene signature highly overexpressed in GSCs. The expression of these signature genes correlates with clinical outcome and demonstrates the clinical relevance of GSCs.
Keywords: Adult human neural stem cell; CSC; Cancer stem cell; ESC; Embryonic stem cell; GBM; GSC; Glioblastoma; Glioma stem cell; HSC; Inducible pluripotent stem cell; LSC; Leukemic stem cell; MSigDB; Molecular Signature Database; Sfrp1; Survival; Wnt; ahNSC; hematopoetic stem cell; iPSC.
Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.