Previous studies have shown that selenite exerts pro-apoptosis and pro-autophagy effects and is associated with the activation of ER stress in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Herein we demonstrate the underlying mechanisms by which the activation of p38MAPK plays essential roles in apoptosis and autophagy and the coordination of cellular metabolic processes during leukemia therapy. MKK3/6-dependent activation of p38MAPK is required for the phosphorylation of eIF4E, thus initiating the translation of ER stress-related transcription factor ATF4. Upregulated ATF4 results in the transcriptional initiation of the apoptosis-related chop gene and autophagy-related map1lc3b gene, through which selenite links ER stress to apoptosis and autophagy during leukemia treatment. Moreover, autophagy induction enhances cell apoptosis under this condition.
Keywords: 17-AAG; 17-allylamino-demethoxygeldamycin; ATF4; Apoptosis; Autophagy; Hsp90; Sodium selenite; eIF2α; eIF4E; eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit alpha; eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E; heat shock protein 90; p38MAPK; s.c.; subcutaneous injection.
Copyright © 2013 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.