A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing laparoscopic versus open gastric resections for gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the stomach

Ann Surg Oncol. 2013 Oct;20(11):3549-60. doi: 10.1245/s10434-013-3051-1. Epub 2013 Jun 21.

Abstract

Background: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis that compares the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic gastric resection (LR) versus open gastric resection (OR) for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs).

Methods: Comparative studies reporting the outcomes of LR and OR for GIST were reviewed.

Results: A total of 11 nonrandomized studies reviewed 765 patients: 381 LR and 384 OR. A higher proportion of high-risk tumors and gastrectomies were in the OR compared with LR (odds ratio, 3.348; 95 % CI, 1.248-8.983; p = .016) and (odds ratio, .169; 95 % CI, .090-.315; p < .001), respectively. Intraoperative blood loss was significantly lower in the LR group [weighted mean difference (WMD), -86.508 ml; 95 % CI, -141.184 to -31.831 ml; p < .002]. The LR group was associated with a significantly lower risk of minor complications (odds ratio, .517; 95 % CI, .277-.965; p = .038), a decreased postoperative hospital stay (WMD, -3.421 days; 95 % CI, -4.737 to -2.104 days; p < .001), a shorter time to first flatus (WMD, -1.395 days; 95 % CI, -1.655 to -1.135 days; p < .001), and shorter time for resumption of oral intake (WMD, -1.887 days; 95 % CI, -2.785 to -.989 days; p < .001). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups with regard to operation time (WMD, 5.731 min; 95 % CI, -15.354-26.815 min; p = .594), rate of major complications (odds ratio, .631; 95 % CI, .202-1.969; p = .428), margin positivity (odds ratio, .501; 95 % CI, .157-1.603; p = .244), local recurrence rate (odds ratio, .629; 95 % CI, .208-1.903; p = .412), recurrence-free survival (RFS) (odds ratio, 1.28; 95 % CI, .705-2.325; p = .417), and overall survival (OS) (odds ratio, 1.879; 95 % CI, .591-5.979; p = .285).

Conclusions: LR results in superior short-term postoperative outcomes without compromising oncological safety and long-term oncological outcomes compared with OR.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Gastrectomy*
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Postoperative Complications*
  • Prognosis
  • Stomach Neoplasms / surgery*