The Metacognitions about Desire Thinking Questionnaire: development and psychometric properties

J Clin Psychol. 2013 Dec;69(12):1284-98. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21999. Epub 2013 Jun 21.


Objectives: Recent research has suggested that specific metacognitions may play a role in the activation and escalation of desire thinking and craving. The goal of this research project was to develop the first self-report instrument of metacognitions about desire thinking.

Method: We conducted three studies with nonclinical samples (N = 213, N = 279, N = 60) to construct the Metacognitions about Desire Thinking Questionnaire (MDTQ) and test its structure and psychometric properties. A fourth study was added to test the predictive validity of MDTQ in a sample of alcohol abusers (N = 75).

Results: Explorative and confirmatory factor analysis supported a 3-factor solution: positive metacognitions about desire thinking, negative metacognitions about desire thinking, and need to control desire related thoughts. Internal consistency, divergent validity, temporal stability were also examined in a community sample and predictive validity was confirmed even in a sample of alcohol abusers.

Conclusions: The MDTQ was shown to possess good psychometric properties, as well as divergent and predictive validity within the populations that were tested.

Keywords: addiction; alcohol abuse; craving; desire thinking; metacognition.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alcoholism / physiopathology
  • Aspirations, Psychological*
  • Behavior, Addictive / physiopathology
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Psychometrics / instrumentation*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Report / standards
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*
  • Thinking / physiology*
  • Young Adult