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. 2013 Dec;69(12):1284-98.
doi: 10.1002/jclp.21999. Epub 2013 Jun 21.

The Metacognitions About Desire Thinking Questionnaire: Development and Psychometric Properties

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The Metacognitions About Desire Thinking Questionnaire: Development and Psychometric Properties

Gabriele Caselli et al. J Clin Psychol. .

Abstract

Objectives: Recent research has suggested that specific metacognitions may play a role in the activation and escalation of desire thinking and craving. The goal of this research project was to develop the first self-report instrument of metacognitions about desire thinking.

Method: We conducted three studies with nonclinical samples (N = 213, N = 279, N = 60) to construct the Metacognitions about Desire Thinking Questionnaire (MDTQ) and test its structure and psychometric properties. A fourth study was added to test the predictive validity of MDTQ in a sample of alcohol abusers (N = 75).

Results: Explorative and confirmatory factor analysis supported a 3-factor solution: positive metacognitions about desire thinking, negative metacognitions about desire thinking, and need to control desire related thoughts. Internal consistency, divergent validity, temporal stability were also examined in a community sample and predictive validity was confirmed even in a sample of alcohol abusers.

Conclusions: The MDTQ was shown to possess good psychometric properties, as well as divergent and predictive validity within the populations that were tested.

Keywords: addiction; alcohol abuse; craving; desire thinking; metacognition.

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