Meta-analysis of toxicity and teratogenicity of 133 chemicals from zebrafish developmental toxicity studies

Reprod Toxicol. 2013 Nov;41:98-108. doi: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2013.06.070. Epub 2013 Jun 22.


Zebrafish developmental toxicity testing is an emerging field, which faces considerable challenges regarding data meta-analysis and the establishment of standardized test protocols. Here, we present an initial correlation study on toxicity of 133 chemicals based on data in the literature to ascertain predictive developmental toxicity endpoints. We found that the physical properties of chemicals (BCF or logP) did not fully predict lethality or developmental outcomes. Instead, individual outcomes such as pericardial edema and yolk sac edema were more reliable indicators of developmental toxicity. In addition, we ranked the chemicals based on toxicity with the Toxicological Priority Index (ToxPi) program and via a teratogenic ratio, and found that perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) had the highest ToxPi score, triphenyltin acetate had the highest average ToxPi score (corrected for missing data and having more than 4 outcomes), and N-methyl-dithiocarbamate had the highest teratogenic ratio.

Keywords: Developmental toxicity; Meta-analysis; Teratogen; ToxPi; Zebrafish.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 1-Octanol / chemistry
  • Animals
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian / abnormalities
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian / drug effects*
  • Teratogens / chemistry
  • Teratogens / toxicity*
  • Toxicity Tests
  • Water / chemistry
  • Zebrafish


  • Teratogens
  • Water
  • 1-Octanol