Systematic review and evidence-based clinical recommendations for dosing of pediatric supported standing programs

Pediatr Phys Ther. 2013 Fall;25(3):232-47. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e318299d5e7.


Purpose: There is a lack of evidence-based recommendations for effective dosing of pediatric supported standing programs, despite widespread clinical use.

Methods: Using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (Child and Youth Version) framework, we searched 7 databases, using specific search terms.

Results: Thirty of 687 studies located met our inclusion criteria. Strength of the evidence was evaluated by well-known tools, and to assist with clinical decision-making, clinical recommendations based on the existing evidence and the authors' opinions were provided.

Conclusions and recommendations for clinical practice: Standing programs 5 days per week positively affect bone mineral density (60 to 90 min/d); hip stability (60 min/d in 30° to 60° of total bilateral hip abduction); range of motion of hip, knee, and ankle (45 to 60 min/d); and spasticity (30 to 45 min/d).

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Bone Density
  • Cerebral Palsy / rehabilitation*
  • Decision Support Systems, Clinical
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Muscle Spasticity
  • Pediatrics / methods*
  • Posture
  • Range of Motion, Articular