Purpose: The aims of this study were (i) to establish a robust and fast method to quantify hepatocellular phosphorus compounds in molar concentration on a 3T clinical scanner, (ii) to evaluate its reproducibility, and (iii) to test its feasibility for a use in large cohort studies.
Method: Proton-decoupled (31) P magnetic resonance spectroscopy of liver (31) P compounds were acquired on 85 healthy subjects employing image selected in-vivo spectroscopy localization in 13 min of acquisition at 3T. Absolute quantification was achieved using an external reference and double-matching phantoms (inorganic phosphates and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) solutions). Reproducibility of the method was also examined.
Results: This method showed a high intra- and interday as well as inter- and intraobserver reproducibility (r > 0.98; P < 0.001), with a high signal to noise ratio (SNR) (i.e., mean SNR of γ-ATP: 16). The mean liver concentrations of 85 healthy subjects were assessed to be 1.99 ± 0.51 and 2.74 ± 0.55 mmol/l of wet tissue volume for Pi and γ-ATP, respectively.
Conclusion: This method reliably quantified molar concentrations of liver (31) P compounds on 85 subjects with a short total examination time (∼25 min) on a 3T clinical scanner. Thus, the current method can be readily utilized for a clinical study, such as a large cohort study.
Keywords: 31P MRS; 3T clinical scanner; human liver; molar quantification; phosphorus compounds.
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