"Bird-Wing" abdominal phalloplasty: A novel surgical technique for penile reconstruction

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg. 2013 Apr;18(2):49-52. doi: 10.4103/0971-9261.109351.


Aim: To describe a technique of phalloplasty that is devoid of donor site scarring and suitable for urethral inlay and penile prosthesis in subsequent stages in cases of aphallia.

Materials and methods: Four patients with various disorders of sex development with 46 XY and severe penile deficiency, including one with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome who was initially raised as female, have been operated using a "Bird Wing" lower abdominal skin crease incision.

Results: The patients' age ranged from 6 to 17 years with preoperative stretched penile lengths between 1 and 2.5 cm. Phallic sizes between 7.5 and 12.5 cm was achieved leaving the donor site unremarkable with lower abdominal skin crease linear scar and excellent postoperative recovery.

Conclusions: This phalloplasty technique can be utilized as a definitive procedure in many situations of penile insufficiency. Subsequent stages of urethral repair and insertion of penile prosthesis can be easily added.

Keywords: Androgen insensitivity syndrome; Aphallia; bladder exstrophy; disorders of sex development; gender dysphoria; phalloplasty.