Aims: To investigate the effects of short-term, reduced-volume sprint interval training (SIT) compared to traditional exercise recommendations (TER) in sedentary obese men.
Methods: Sixteen subjects [37.8 ± 5.8 years; body mass index (BMI) 32.8 ± 4.7 kg/m(2)] were randomly allocated to 2 weeks of either SIT (6 sessions of 8-12 × 10 s sprints) or TER [10 sessions of 30 min at 65% peak oxygen consumption (VO(2peak))] cycle exercise. Fasting plasma glucose, insulin, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), homeostasis model assessment of insulin sensitivity (HOMA-IR), body composition and VO(2peak) were assessed at baseline and approximately 72 h after the final training bout. Skeletal muscle biopsy samples were also obtained before and 72 h after training and analysed for AS160 phosphorylation and COX II, COX IV, GLUT-4, Nur77 and SIRT1 protein expression.
Results: No changes in BMI, body composition, VO(2peak), glucose, insulin, NEFA and HOMA-IR were observed after training, either within or between groups. Skeletal muscle markers of glucose metabolism and mitochondrial function also remained unaltered after 2 weeks of exercise training.
Conclusions: Our findings show that 2 weeks of reduced-volume SIT or TER did not elicit any measurable metabolic adaptations in sedentary obese men. Further work is needed to determine the minimal amount of exercise required for short-term adaptations in this population.
Keywords: exercise; glucose uptake; obesity; skeletal muscle.
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.