Burden of smoked and smokeless tobacco consumption in India - results from the Global adult Tobacco Survey India (GATS-India)- 2009-201

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2013;14(5):3323-9. doi: 10.7314/apjcp.2013.14.5.3323.


Background: The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) was carried out for systematically monitoring tobacco use and for tracking key tobacco control indicators.

Materials and methods: A total of 70,802 households, including 42,647 in rural areas and 28,155 in urban areas, were covered with a three stage sampling design. Data were collected on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practices of tobacco consumption.

Results: GATS-India highlighted that total tobacco use among its residents is overall 34.6%, varying for males (47.9%) and females (20.7%). The rural areas of the country exhibit comparatively higher prevalence rates (38.4%) in comparison to urban areas (25.3%). Overall, Khaini, a smokeless tobacco product (12.0%), is the most popular form of tobacco use among males and females, followed by bidi smoking (9.0%).

Conclusion: Results of GATS data can be used as baseline for evaluation of new tobacco control approaches in India integrating culturally acceptable and cost effective measures.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Data Collection*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Prognosis
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / epidemiology*
  • Tobacco, Smokeless / adverse effects*
  • Young Adult