The acute heart failure (AHF) population is a heterogeneous group with multiple interrelated noncardiovascular comorbidities. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, renal disease, diabetes, sleep apnea, and anemia affect the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with AHF and complicate inpatient management. This article summarizes the impact of these noncardiovascular comorbidities in patients with AHF. In some circumstances, careful attention to the diagnosis and management of these conditions in patients with AHF may help to improve patient outcomes.
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