[Vulnerability to atmospheric and geomagnetic factors of the body functions in healthy male dwellers of the Russian North]

Aviakosm Ekolog Med. Mar-Apr 2013;47(2):29-33.
[Article in Russian]


In April 2009 through to November 2011, a Mars-500 satellite study of Russian Northerners (Syktyvkar citizens) was performed using the standard ECOSAN-2007 procedure evaluating the atmospheric and geomagnetic susceptibility of the main body functional parameters. Seventeen essentially healthy men at the age of 25 to 46 years were investigated. Statistical data treatment included correlation and single-factor analysis of variance. Comparison of the number of statistical correlations of the sum of all functional parameters for participants showed that most often they were sensitive to atmospheric pressure, temperature, relative humidity and oxygen partial pressure (29-35 %), and geomagnetic activity (28 %). Dependence of the functional parameters on the rate of temperature and pressure change was weak and comparable with random coincidence (11 %). Among the hemodynamic parameters, systolic pressure was particularly sensitive to space and terrestrial weather variations (29 %); sensitivity of heart rate and diastolic pressure were determined in 25 % and 21 % of participants, respectively. Among the heart rate variability parameters (HRV) the largest number of statistically reliable correlations was determined for the centralization index (32 %) and high-frequency HRV spectrum (31 %); index of the regulatory systems activity was least dependable (19 %). Life index, maximal breath-holding and Ckibinskaya's cardiorespiratory index are also susceptible. Individual responses of the functional parameters to terrestrial and space weather changes varied with partidpants which points to the necessity of individual approach to evaluation of person's reactions to environmental changes.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Atmospheric Pressure
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Cold Climate
  • Health Status Indicators*
  • Heart Rate / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Humidity
  • Magnetic Fields
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
  • Russia
  • Temperature