A Purtscher-like retinopathy occurred in a 41-year-old woman who underwent the excision of a pterygium after a retrobulbar injection of 3 ml of lidocaine HCl. Visual acuity increased from 20/200 on the first postoperative day to 20/25, 12 weeks later. The exudates and the hemorrhages progressively disappeared. However, a relative, localized, paracentral scotoma and an afferent pupil defect still persist. The pathophysiology of this Purtscher-like retinopathy is discussed.