After the original identification of thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1 or NKX2-1) biochemical activity as a transcriptional regulator of thyroglobulin in 1989, the bulk of the ensuing research has concentrated on elucidating the roles of NKX2-1 in the development of lung and thyroid tissues. Motivated by its specific expression pattern, pathologists adopted the NKX2-1 immunoreactivity to distinguish pulmonary from nonpulmonary nonthyroid adenocarcinomas. Interestingly, the concept of NKX2-1 as an active participant in lung tumorigenesis did not take hold until 2007. This minireview contrasts the recent advancements of NKX2-1-related observations primarily in the realm of pulmonary malignancies.
Keywords: Gene Amplification; Gene Regulation; Lung Cancer; Lung Lineage; Metastasis; MicroRNA; NKX2-1; TTF-1.