Dietary exposure to DDTs in two coastal cities and an inland city in China

Sci Total Environ. 2013 Oct 1;463-464:264-73. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.06.011. Epub 2013 Jun 29.


Dietary intakes of dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethanes (DDTs) of residents from two coastal cities: Guiyu (GY) and Taizhou (TZ) and one inland city: Lin'an (HZ) were investigated by collecting 73 food items (divided into 9 food groups). The oriental weatherfish and white crab (both from TZ) contained higher DDTs (112±1.81 and 70.1±1.81 ng/g wet wt, respectively) than the maximum admissible concentration (50 ng/g wet wt) set by the European Union for human consumption. Furthermore, 40% of TZ seafood, 56% of GY and 30% of HZ freshwater fish exceeded the guideline for subsistence fish eaters for DDTs (14.4 ng/g wet wt) defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). The estimated daily intakes of DDTs for TZ (52.1 ng/kg bw/day) and GZ (31.5 ng/kg bw/day) were significantly higher than for HZ (13.0 ng/g wet wt, p<0.05), these values were below the US EPA oral reference dose (500 ng/kg bw/day) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization provisional tolerable daily intake (10,000 ng/kg bw/day).

Keywords: China; Coastal area; DDT; Dietary study; Inland area.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • China / epidemiology
  • Cities
  • DDT / analysis*
  • Diet / adverse effects*
  • Environmental Exposure / analysis*
  • Female
  • Fishes / metabolism
  • Food Analysis
  • Food Contamination / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Maximum Allowable Concentration
  • Seafood / analysis
  • Young Adult


  • DDT