Continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD), unlike continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), provides freedom from daytime exchanges and is associated with lower rates of peritonitis. However, catheter infection (CI) rates have not been reported for CCPD. Previous data suggested that a CAPD disconnect system (Y-set) was associated with lower rates of CI. These results suggested that patients on CCPD, which is also a disconnect system, might also have low CI rates. We evaluated our CCPD patients for infection rates and compared them with two groups of matched control CAPD patients, one using a spike system and one a Y-set disconnect system to evaluate this hypothesis. The CCPD patients had the lowest rates of CIs (0.5 episodes per year or one episode every 25 months), followed by the CAPD patients using the Y-set (0.8 episodes per year or one episode every 14 months). CAPD patients using the spike system had the highest rates of CIs (1.2 episodes per year or one episode every 10 months). Peritonitis rates followed the same pattern among the patient groups: CCPD, 0.3 episodes per year; CAPD, Y-set 0.5 episodes per year; CAPD, spike system 1.3 episodes per year. Our data suggest that disconnect systems, such as the CAPD Y-set and CCPD, reduce CIs, as well as peritonitis.