Racial congruity as a contextual correlate of mental disorder

Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1990 Jul;60(3):392-403. doi: 10.1037/h0079173.


The effects of exposure to racially dissonant residential environments on depressive psychopathology are explored. Epidemiological survey data are shown to support the hypothesis that an inverse relationship exists between racial congruity and depression. Limitations of the analysis are discussed, as are the social implications of the findings.

MeSH terms

  • Adjustment Disorders / psychology*
  • Adult
  • African Americans / psychology*
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Baltimore
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Environment*
  • Social Support*
  • Socioeconomic Factors