Studies of the control of luminescence in Beneckea harveyi: properties of the NADH and NADPH:FMN oxidoreductases

Biochemistry. 1978 Feb 21;17(4):672-8. doi: 10.1021/bi00597a018.


Highly purified NADH and NADPH:FMN oxidoreductases from Beneckea harveyi have been characterized with regard to kinetic parameters, association with luciferase, activity with artificial electron acceptors, and the effects of inhibitors. The NADH:FMN oxidoreductase exhibits single displacement kinetics while the NADPH:FMN oxidoreductase exhibits double displacement or ping-pong kinetics. This is consistent with the formation of a reduced enzyme as an intermediate in the reaction of catalyzed by the NADPH:FMN oxidoreductase. Coupling of either of the oxidoreductases to the luciferase reaction decreases the apparent Kms for NADH, NADPH, and FMN, supporting the suggestion of a complex between the oxidoreductases and luciferase. The soluble oxidoreductases are more efficient in producing light with luciferase than is a NADH dehydrogenase preparation obtained from the membranes of these bacteria. The soluble enzymes use either FMN or FAD as substrates for the oxidation of reduced pyridine nucleotides while the membrane NADH dehydrogenase is much more active with artificial electron acceptors such as ferricyanide and methylene blue. FMN and FAD are very poor acceptors. The evidence indicates that neither of the soluble oxidoreductases is derived from the membranes. Both enzymes are constitutive and do not depend on the synthesis of luciferase.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Flavin Mononucleotide
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Luminescent Measurements
  • NAD
  • NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases / metabolism*
  • NADP
  • Vibrio / enzymology*
  • Vibrionaceae / enzymology*


  • NAD
  • NADP
  • Flavin Mononucleotide
  • NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases