This investigation was designed to study the effects of home health care (HHC) on patients who have been hospitalized with peripheral vascular disease. For a patient to have HHC, the patient had to have a defined wound, educational needs, or both. Sixty patients, 30 with HHC and 30 without, were contacted approximately 30 days after their last hospital discharge. The 30 patients with HHC were deemed to be at increased risk because of multisystem disease with multiple medications, infirmity, early senility, and often complex wounds. In a prospective fashion, each patient was interviewed by either a registered nurse or medical student using a standardized data collection form. The following issues were assessed: incidence of postoperative complications, knowledge of the patient of his or her disease, compliance with medication (knowledge of, regular use), incidence of readmission, and unscheduled clinic or emergency department visits. Upon statistical analysis using the two-sample t-test and Pearson chi-square test, no significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of complications, compliance, or patient education. HHC, therefore, was found to be helpful to patients with peripheral vascular disease. In our study, the use of HHC made the risk of complications in a group of patients with defined teaching needs and wound care needs equal to that in a group with no such defined needs on discharge from the hospital.