Airway management in the outpatient setting

Clin Plast Surg. 2013 Jul;40(3):405-17. doi: 10.1016/j.cps.2013.04.005. Epub 2013 May 23.


Most outpatient cosmetic procedures are now performed in surgeons' offices, with patients under local anesthesia and minimal intravenous sedation. Sedation at any level beyond minimal creates the risk of airway obstruction and ventilatory depression, which can result in irreversible brain injury or death within minutes. This article discusses appropriate patient and procedure selection, and outlines the personnel, equipment, and techniques necessary to avoid such outcomes.

Keywords: Airway management; Ambulatory anesthesia; Ambulatory surgery; Office-based anesthesia; Office-based surgery; Outpatient anesthesia; Outpatient setting; Outpatient surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Airway Management / methods*
  • Anesthesia / methods*
  • Humans
  • Outpatients*
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures*