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Clinical Trial
. 2014 Mar;22(3):248-52.
doi: 10.1016/j.jagp.2013.02.010. Epub 2013 Jul 3.

Novel Treatment for Geriatric Hoarding Disorder: An Open Trial of Cognitive Rehabilitation Paired With Behavior Therapy

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Free PMC article
Clinical Trial

Novel Treatment for Geriatric Hoarding Disorder: An Open Trial of Cognitive Rehabilitation Paired With Behavior Therapy

Catherine R Ayers et al. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the feasibility of an age-adapted, manualized behavioral treatment for geriatric hoarding.

Methods: Participants were 11 older adults (mean age: 66 years) with hoarding disorder. Treatment encompassed 24 individual sessions of psychotherapy that included both cognitive rehabilitation targeting executive functioning and exposure to discarding/not acquiring. Hoarding severity was assessed at baseline, mid-treatment, and posttreatment.

Results: Results demonstrated clinically and statistically significant changes in hoarding severity at posttreatment. No participants dropped out of treatment. Eight participants were classified as treatment responders, and three as partial responders. Partial responders reported severe/extreme hoarding and psychiatric comorbidities at baseline.

Conclusions: The combination of cognitive rehabilitation and exposure therapy is a promising approach in the treatment of geriatric hoarding. Targeting neurocognitive deficits in behavioral therapy for these geriatric patients with hoarding disorder doubled response rates relative to our previous trial of cognitive behavior therapy alone.

Keywords: CBT; OCD; cognitive remediation; hoarding; older adults.

Figures

FIGURE 1
FIGURE 1
Outcome measures across time points in a sample of 11 older adults receiving cognitive rehabilitation and behavior therapy for hoarding disorder. Values are given as mean (standard deviation).

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