We investigated the mediator mechanisms involved in the sensory transduction of pulmonary reactive oxygen species (ROS) by vagal lung C-fibers in anesthetized rats. Airway challenge of aerosolized H₂O₂ (0.4%) stimulated these afferent fibers. The H₂O₂-induced responses were reduced by a cyclooxygenase inhibitor or ATP scavengers and also attenuated by an antagonist of TRPV1, TRPA1 or P2X receptors. The suppressive effect of the cyclooxygenase inhibitor was not affected by a combined treatment with the TRPV1 or TRPA1 antagonist, but was amplified by a combined treatment with the P2X antagonists. The suppressive effect of ATP scavengers was not affected by a combined treatment with the P2X antagonist, but was amplified by a combined treatment with the TRPV1 or TRPA1 antagonist. Thus, the actions of cyclooxygenase metabolites are mediated through the functioning of the TRPV1 and TRPA1 receptors, whereas the action of ATP is mediated through the functioning of P2X receptors.
Keywords: ATP; Cyclooxygenase metabolites; P2X receptors; TRPA1 receptors; TRPV1 receptors; Vagal lung C-fibers.
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