Mining of a streptothricin gene cluster from Streptomyces sp. TP-A0356 genome via heterologous expression

Sci China Life Sci. 2013 Jul;56(7):619-27. doi: 10.1007/s11427-013-4504-2. Epub 2013 Jul 6.


Streptothricins (STs) are used commercially to treat bacterial and fungal diseases in agriculture. Mining of the sequenced microbial genomes uncovered two cryptic ST clusters from Streptomyces sp. C and Streptomyces sp. TP-A0356. The ST cluster from S. sp. TP-A0356 was verified by successful heterologous expression in Streptomyces coelicolor M145. Two new ST analogs were produced together with streptothricin F and streptothricin D in the heterologous host. The ST cluster was further confirmed by inactivation of gene stnO, which was proposed encoding an aminomutase supplying β-lysines for the poly-β-Lys chain formation. A putative biosynthetic pathway for STs is proposed based on bioinformatics analyses of the ST genes and experimental evidence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / chemistry
  • Bacillus subtilis / metabolism
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Computational Biology
  • Fermentation
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial*
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Genome, Bacterial
  • Multigene Family*
  • Mutagenesis
  • Mutation
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Staphylococcus / genetics*
  • Staphylococcus / metabolism
  • Streptothricins / chemistry
  • Streptothricins / metabolism*
  • Time Factors


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • streptothricin F
  • Streptothricins