Differences in the Roles of a Glutamine Amidotransferase Subunit of Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate Synthase Between Bacillus Circulans and Bacillus Subtilis

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2013;77(7):1481-5. doi: 10.1271/bbb.130132. Epub 2013 Jul 7.


BtrC2 of the butirosin producer Bacillus circulans is a non-catalytic subunit of 2-deoxy-scyllo-inosose (DOI) synthase that is involved in butirosin biosynthesis, and also a homolog of glutamine amidotransferase subunit (PdxT) of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) synthase of Bacillus subtilis. BtrC2 has been found to have functions in B. circulans both in primary and secondary metabolism. In this study, we investigated the properties of PdxT of B. subtilis in order to determine whether the property of enzyme stabilization is universal among PdxT homologs. Complementation with PdxT in the btrC2 disruptant of B. circulans restored the growth and short-term production of antibiotics, but long-term production of antibiotics cannot be restored. Additionally, PdxT did not bind physically with or stabilize BtrC. Our results indicate that the function of BtrC2 in secondary metabolism is specific properties, not universal among PdxT homologs.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / biosynthesis
  • Bacillus subtilis / enzymology*
  • Bacillus subtilis / metabolism
  • Ligases / chemistry*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Subunits / chemistry*
  • Protein Subunits / metabolism*
  • Species Specificity
  • Transaminases / chemistry
  • Transaminases / metabolism*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Protein Subunits
  • Transaminases
  • glutamine-pyruvate aminotransferase
  • Ligases