Antifungal susceptibility of Malassezia pachydermatis biofilm

Med Mycol. 2013 Nov;51(8):863-7. doi: 10.3109/13693786.2013.805440. Epub 2013 Jul 9.


Antifungal resistance has been associated with biofilm formation in many microorganisms, but not yet in Malassezia pachydermatis. This saprophytic yeast can cause otitis and dermatitis in dogs and has emerged as an important human pathogen, responsible for systemic infections in neonates in intensive care units. This study aims to evaluate the in vitro antifungal susceptibility of M. pachydermatis strains, in both their planktonic and sessile forms, to fluconazole, miconazole, ketoconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, terbinafine and voriconazole using the XTT assay and Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) microdilution method. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values recorded for each drug were significantly higher for sessile cells relative to planktonic cells to the extent that ≥ 90% of M. pachydermatis strains in their sessile form were classified as resistant to all antifungal agents tested. Data suggest that M. pachydermatis biofilm formation is associated with antifungal resistance, paving the way towards investigating drug resistance mechanisms in Malassezia spp.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology*
  • Biofilms / drug effects*
  • Biofilms / growth & development*
  • Dermatomycoses / microbiology
  • Dermatomycoses / veterinary
  • Dogs
  • Drug Resistance, Fungal*
  • Humans
  • Malassezia / drug effects*
  • Malassezia / isolation & purification
  • Malassezia / physiology*
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests


  • Antifungal Agents