The effect of daily consumption of coconut fat and soya-bean fat on plasma lipids and lipoproteins of young normolipidaemic men

Br J Nutr. 1990 May;63(3):547-52. doi: 10.1079/bjn19900141.


The present paper reports the influence on plasma lipids of isoenergetic diets containing 30% of energy as fat, with a polyunsaturated: saturated fat ratio of 4.00 or 0.25, consumed for 8 weeks by twenty-five young normolipidaemic males. Approximately 70% of the fat energy was provided by the test fats: soya-bean fat and coconut fat. During the soya-bean-fat-eating period the total plasma cholesterol level fell significantly compared with baseline values (P less than 0.001) and during the coconut-fat-eating phase total plasma cholesterol level increased significantly compared with the soya-bean-eating period (P less than 0.001). On the soya-bean-fat diet, high-density-lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol decreased by 15% (range 6-35%) and plasma triacylglycerols decreased by 25% (range 13-37%). Results of the present study show that even when the proportion of total fat in the diet is low, a high intake of linoleic acid lowers both total plasma cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol, while a high intake of saturated fat elevates both these lipid fractions. Application of regression formulas to the present findings indicates that short-chain saturated fatty acids have a neutral effect on serum cholesterol.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Cholesterol, HDL / blood
  • Cholesterol, LDL / blood
  • Cocos
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
  • Fatty Acids / blood
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Male
  • Soybeans
  • Triglycerides / blood


  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Dietary Fats
  • Fatty Acids
  • Lipids
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol