Translation and validation of the Dutch new Knee Society Scoring System ©

Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013 Nov;471(11):3565-71. doi: 10.1007/s11999-013-3149-6. Epub 2013 Jul 9.


Background: A new version of The Knee Society Knee Scoring System(©) (KSS) has recently been developed. Before this scale can be used in non-English-speaking populations, it has to be translated and validated for a particular population.

Questions/purposes: We evaluated the construct and content validity, the test-retest reliability, and the internal consistency of the Dutch version of the New Knee Society KSS.

Methods: A Dutch translation was performed using a forward-backward translation protocol. We tested the construct validity of the Dutch New KSS by comparing it with the Dutch versions of the WOMAC, Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and SF-12 scores in 137 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Content validity was assessed by comparing pre- and postoperative scores and by checking floor and ceiling effects. To evaluate test-retest reliability and consistency, 47 patients completed the questionnaire a second time with a mean of 8 days interval (range, 2-20 days) between tests.

Results: Construct validity was demonstrated because the Dutch New KSS correlated well with the Dutch WOMAC (r = -0.751; p < 0.001), Dutch KOOS (r = -0.723; p < 0.001), and Dutch SF-12 (r = 0.569; p < 0.001). There was a significant difference between pre- and postoperative scores (p < 0.001) in line with the other scores. Test-retest reliability proved excellent with an intraclass correlation coefficient between 0.73 and 0.92 depending on the domain tested. Consistency as indicated by Cronbach's alpha ranging from 0.84 to 0.96 was good to excellent.

Conclusions: As demonstrated by the validation procedure, the Dutch New KSS is an excellent instrument to evaluate TKA outcome in Dutch-speaking patients.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Knee Injuries / physiopathology
  • Knee Injuries / surgery
  • Knee Joint / physiopathology*
  • Knee Joint / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / diagnosis*
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / physiopathology
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / surgery
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Translating*
  • Treatment Outcome