The aim of this study was to compare renal impairment in patients with propylthiouracil (PTU)-induced small-vessel vasculitis and patients with primary anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-induced small-vessel vasculitis. The study compared the pathology and clinical conditions of 10 patients with PTU-associated small-vessel vasculitis and 18 patients with primary ANCA-associated small-vessel vasculitis. All patients showed manifestations of renal impairment. Compared with the primary ANCA-induced small-vessel vasculitis, patients with PTU-induced small-vessel vasculitis were mostly female (P<0.05) and deleloped the disease at a younger age (P<0.05). They had a higher positive rate of perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (p-ANCA; P<0.05), lower 24 h proteinuria content, lower serum creatinine (P<0.05) and milder histopathological lesions (P<0.05). A number of them had gross hematuria (P<0.05). They rarely used hormone and cytotoxic drugs (P<0.05) during treatment and had a better prognosis (P<0.05). In conclusion, PTU-induced small-vessel vasculitis has a milder pathology and clinical manifestations with a better prognosis.
Keywords: anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody; propylthiouracil; renal disease; vasculitis.