Who are the preferential targets for intervention programs related to the female condom among sex workers in southern China?

AIDS Educ Prev. 2013 Aug;25(4):349-61. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2013.25.4.349.


The authors used a cluster analysis approach to investigate which female sex workers (FSW) are preferential targets for female condom (FC) intervention programs in southern China. Cross-sectional 6-month (N = 316) and 12-month (N = 217) postintervention surveys of FSW were analyzed. Based on FC attitudes and beliefs, initially suggesting FC use to a partner, practicing insertion, total times ever used, and willingness to use in the future, cluster analysis apportioned women into two clusters, with 50.6% and 58.1% of participants in the likely future FC users group at 6 months and 12 months, respectively. Likely future FC users tended to be from boarding houses, older, currently or previously married, experienced with childbirth, with current multiple sex partners, longer history of sex work, and more unprotected sexual encounters. Focusing FC programs on sectors of the community with more FSW who are likely to use FC may be more cost-effective for enhancing FC acceptability and usage.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • China
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Community Participation*
  • Condoms, Female / statistics & numerical data*
  • Consumer Behavior
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Program Development
  • Sex Workers / psychology
  • Sex Workers / statistics & numerical data*
  • Sexual Partners
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult