Eco-innovations for waste prevention--best practices, drivers and barriers

Sci Total Environ. 2013 Sep 1:461-462:823-9. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.05.096. Epub 2013 Jul 6.


Several studies in Germany aimed at the development of a sound database on existing waste prevention measures by public bodies at the local, regional and federal levels. These results are the starting point for the creation of a national prevention program, which has to be presented by all European Member States until the end of 2013--due to the revised European Waste Framework Directive. Based on this empirical foundation, this paper draws conclusions with regard to drivers and barriers for eco-innovations in the field of waste prevention. The analysis shows that an optimized adaptation of information on waste prevention to the needs of specific target groups is still missing but could be a relevant driver. With regard to barriers the results of the study show that waste prevention is by no means always a win-win-situation. Institutional frameworks are missing to coordinate the different interests and for the exchange of experiences that could help to realize learning effects regarding innovation approaches.

Keywords: Eco-innovation; Integrated product policy; Waste prevention.

MeSH terms

  • Environmental Pollution / prevention & control*
  • Europe
  • Industrial Waste / prevention & control*
  • International Cooperation
  • Inventions / trends*
  • Public Policy


  • Industrial Waste