The clinical characteristics of 124 pregnancies complicated by intrapartum fetal asphyxia have been reviewed. The evidence of fetal asphyxia tends to appear earlier in patients with maternal medical and obstetric complications than in those with labor complications. Evidence of clinical fetal distress was present in 36 per cent and was not related to the severity of the asphyxia. Low Apgar scores occurred in 40 per cent of infants with moderate asphyxia and in 80 per cent of infants with severe asphyxia at delivery. In the newborn infants, clinical evidence of cerebral abnormality was observed in 3 per cent, and evidence of the respiratory distress syndrome was seen in 3 per cent of the study group.