Genetic factors associated with response to intravitreal ranibizumab in Korean patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration

Retina. 2014 Feb;34(2):288-97. doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e3182979e1e.


Purpose: To investigate the association between genetic risk variants for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and response to intravitreal ranibizumab in Korean patients with neovascular AMD.

Methods: This prospective study included 273 treatment-naive patients (273 eyes) who underwent 5 monthly injections (Months 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4) of intravitreal ranibizumab for neovascular AMD. Patients were genotyped for 23 single-nucleotide polymorphisms within 12 AMD-relevant genes. For each polymorphism, genotypic association with good response at Month 5, predetermined as visual improvement of ≥ 8 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters from baseline, was investigated with logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, gender, smoking, baseline Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letter, central retinal thickness, lesion area, and type of choroidal neovascularization.

Results: At Month 5, visual acuity improved by 9.1 ± 17.6 letters from baseline, and 136 patients (49.8%) were classified as good responders. In logistic regression, no tested polymorphism showed statistically significant association with favorable visual outcome at Month 5. When unadjusted for multiple tests, AA genotype for VEGF rs699947 had an increased chance of good response compared with other genotypes (odds ratio, 3.61; 95% confidence interval, 1.42-9.18; P = 0.0071).

Conclusion: In this Korean neovascular AMD cohort, there was no statistically significant effect of genotype on early visual outcome after ranibizumab treatment.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized / therapeutic use*
  • Asians
  • Coloring Agents
  • Eye Proteins / genetics*
  • Female
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Genetic Markers
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Indocyanine Green
  • Intravitreal Injections
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Ranibizumab
  • Republic of Korea
  • Risk Factors
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Visual Acuity / physiology
  • Wet Macular Degeneration / drug therapy*
  • Wet Macular Degeneration / genetics*
  • Wet Macular Degeneration / physiopathology


  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Coloring Agents
  • Eye Proteins
  • Genetic Markers
  • Indocyanine Green
  • Ranibizumab