Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for both, left ventricular (LV)-dilatation and myocardial infarction (MI) following the rupture of a vulnerable plaque. This study investigated the to date incompletely understood relationship between plaque vulnerability and LV-dilatation using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in patients with type 2 diabetes and stable coronary artery disease.
Methods: CMR was performed in 58 patients with type 2 diabetes, in which 81 coronary lesions were investigated using OCT.
Results: A decreased minimal fibrous cap thickness (FCT) of coronary lesions was associated with an increase of several CMR-derived parameters including LV-end diastolic volume (LVEDV, r = 0.521, p < 0.001), LV-end diastolic diameter (r = 0.502, p < 0.001) and LV-end systolic volume (r = 0.467, p = 0.001). Similar results were obtained for mean FCT.
Conclusion: These data suggest that vulnerability of coronary lesions is associated with LV-dilatation in high risk patients with type 2 diabetes. CMR may be a useful adjunct to the risk-stratification in this population. Future studies are warranted to investigate potential mechanisms linking plaque vulnerability and LV-dilatation.