Effects of trace metals on the production of aflatoxins by Aspergillus parasiticus

Appl Microbiol. 1975 Jul;30(1):52-7.

Abstract

Certain metals added as salts to a defined basal culture medium influenced the level of aflatoxin production by Aspergillus parasiticus in the low micrograms-per-milliliter range of the added metal. In many cases no change or a relatively small change in mat weight and final pH of the medium accompanied this effect. With zinc at added levels of 0 to 10 mug/ml in the medium, aflatoxin increased 30-to 1,000-fold with increasing of zinc, whereas mat weight increased less than threefold. At 25 mug of added zinc per ml, aflatoxin decreased, but mat weight did not. At an added level of 25 mug or less of the metal per ml, salts of iron, manganese, cooper, cadmium, trivalent chromium, silver, and mercury partly or completelyinhibited aflatoxin production, without influencing mat weight.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aflatoxins / biosynthesis*
  • Aspergillus / growth & development
  • Aspergillus / metabolism*
  • Cadmium / pharmacology
  • Chromium / pharmacology
  • Copper / pharmacology
  • Culture Media
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Iron / pharmacology
  • Manganese / pharmacology
  • Mercury / pharmacology
  • Metals / pharmacology*
  • Salts
  • Silver / pharmacology
  • Zinc / pharmacology

Substances

  • Aflatoxins
  • Culture Media
  • Metals
  • Salts
  • Cadmium
  • Chromium
  • Silver
  • Manganese
  • Copper
  • Iron
  • Mercury
  • Zinc