Genioglossus muscle advancement: A modification of the conventional technique

J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2014 Apr;42(3):239-44. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2013.05.007. Epub 2013 Jul 11.


Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a pathophysiologic condition associated with fragmented sleep and arousals caused by nocturnal mechanical obstruction of the upper airway. This results in behavioural derangements, such as excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue, and pathophysiologic derangements that cause morbidities and mortality including hypertension, arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, stroke and sudden death. The genioglossus advancement is a proven technique for the treatment of mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome by relieving airway obstruction at the hypopharyngeal level. In this article, we report a modification of the conventional genioglossus advancement described by Riley and Powell. The modification we describe replaces the bone segment at the mandibular basal bone rather than at the mid area of the symphysis. This means a linear movement that allows a greater advancement and avoids the rotation of the genioglossus muscle. Through this article we will describe the advantages of the surgical technique such as greater effectiveness, stability, more pleasing aesthetic outcome and the reduction of potential complications.

Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome; genioglossus muscle advancement.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Airway Obstruction / surgery
  • Bone Screws
  • Chin / surgery
  • Esthetics
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods
  • Male
  • Mandible / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteotomy / methods
  • Piezosurgery / methods
  • Polysomnography / methods
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / surgery*
  • Tongue / surgery*