Water conservation quantities vs customer opinion and satisfaction with water efficient appliances in Miami, Florida

J Environ Manage. 2013 Oct 15;128:683-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.05.044. Epub 2013 Jul 10.


During 2006-2007, Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA, provided incentives for low income and senior residents in single family homes for retrofitting with high efficiency fixtures. The participating residences were retrofitted with high-efficiency toilets, showerheads, and aerators. In 2012, a telephone survey was conducted to evaluate the satisfaction of the participants and the associated effects on water conservation practices. This study evaluates the attitudes and opinions of the participants relative to water use efficiency measures and the actual reduction in water consumption characteristics of the participating households. The participant characteristics were analyzed to identify correlations between the socio-demographic factors, program satisfaction and actual water savings. Approximately 65.5% of the survey respondents reported changes in their water use habits and 76.6% reported noticeable reduction in their water bills. The analyses showed that the satisfaction levels of the participants were closely correlated with the actual water savings. The results also showed that satisfaction level along with water saving potential (i.e., implementation of water efficiency devices) or change of water use habits has provided positive synergistic effect on actual water savings. The majority of the participants surveyed (81.3-89.1%) reported positive attitudes for water conservation incentive program and the benefits of the high efficiency fixtures.

Keywords: Residential customers; Sustainability; Synergistic effect; Water conservation; Water use behavior; Water use efficiency measures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Attitude
  • Child
  • Conservation of Natural Resources / methods*
  • Data Collection
  • Family
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Florida
  • Housing
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation
  • Personal Satisfaction*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Water Supply
  • Young Adult