Goldenhar syndrome

Indian J Dent Res. 2013 Jan-Feb;24(1):149. doi: 10.4103/0970-9290.114952.


Goldenhar syndrome is a syndrome of complex structures developing from first and second branchial arches during blastogenesis. The etiology of this rare disease is not fully understood, as it has shown itself variable genetically and of unclear causes. The disorder is characterized by a wide spectrum of symptoms and physical features that may vary greatly in range and severity from case to case. Here we present a unique case of Goldenhar syndrome with absence of left condyle, hypoplasia of the zygomatic bone, no pneumatization of the mastoid process, underdeveloped mandible, bifid tongue and the skin tags in the preauricular area.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Ear, External / abnormalities
  • Female
  • Goldenhar Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Mandible / abnormalities
  • Mandibular Condyle / abnormalities
  • Mastoid / abnormalities
  • Open Bite / diagnosis
  • Tongue / abnormalities
  • Zygoma / abnormalities