Acute tissue tear hemorrhages of the brain: computed tomography and clinicopathological correlations

Neurosurgery. 1990 Aug;27(2):208-13. doi: 10.1097/00006123-199008000-00006.


Tissue tear hemorrhages (TTHs) are often seen on high-resolution computed tomographic scans after closed head injury. Generally, TTHs have been thought to be visible manifestations of more severe forms of diffuse axonal injury and thus portend a poor prognosis. Computed tomographic scans from 600 patients with head injuries were reviewed; 48 (8%) were found to have TTHs. The clinical spectrum of TTHs was characterized. No direct relationship could be established between either the presence or the number of TTHs and the severity and/or outcome from the head injury in this group, except that patients with TTHs in both the brain stem and the corpus callosum uniformly had a poor outcome. Magnetic resonance imaging provided more sensitive information than computed tomography in evaluating TTHs.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain Injuries / complications
  • Brain Injuries / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Injuries / pathology
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / pathology
  • Humans
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed