Surgical correction of exophthalmos secondary to Graves' disease

Plast Reconstr Surg. 1990 Sep;86(3):411-8; discussion 419-21.


Graves' disease has been recorded in the medical literature for more than 150 years. Despite introduction of iodine into the diet, Graves' disease still remains the most important disorder of the thyroid gland. Clinically, Graves' disease is a multisystem disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the clinical triad of infiltrative pretibial dermopathy, thyroid glandular hyperplasia, and ophthalmopathy. Expansion of the bony orbital volume is an effective method of treating moderate to severe exophthalmos. Our experience with a simplified version of a three-wall orbital decompression to correct exophthalmos secondary to Graves' disease is presented.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Exophthalmos / diagnostic imaging
  • Exophthalmos / etiology
  • Exophthalmos / surgery*
  • Female
  • Graves Disease / complications*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Orbit / diagnostic imaging
  • Orbit / surgery*
  • Osteotomy / methods*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed