Rules, roles, and room for discussion in gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance liver imaging: current knowledge and future challenges

Magn Reson Med Sci. 2013;12(3):161-75. doi: 10.2463/mrms.2012-0085. Epub 2013 Jul 12.


Since its launch onto the world medical market, gadoxetic acid has received a great deal of attention from a diverse group of researchers, including gastroenterologists, hepatologists, and abdominal radiologists. Gadoxetic acid in liver magnetic resonance (MR) imaging might be considered to have excellent utility. However, several issues remain that radiologists should keep in mind when utilizing this product. We compiled this review to introduce gadoxetic acid, describe how it should be used, highlight the situations in which it is most and least reliable, and suggest potential avenues for future research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Contrast Media / administration & dosage
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Gadolinium DTPA* / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Liver / pathology*
  • Liver Neoplasms / complications
  • Liver Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / complications
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology*


  • Contrast Media
  • gadolinium ethoxybenzyl DTPA
  • Gadolinium DTPA