Cadmium and hypertension in exposed workers: A meta-analysis

Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2013 Jun;26(3):440-56. doi: 10.2478/s13382-013-0111-5. Epub 2013 Jul 15.


Objectives: In the general population, cadmium seems to be responsible for hypertension, atherosclerosis and an increase in acute coronary events. Therefore, the purpose of this meta-analysis was to analyze controlled studies conducted on cadmium and arterial pressure in occupationally-exposed workers.

Materials and methods: After analyzing all the relevant articles found in the literature, 6 publications were selected.

Results: A higher prevalence of hypertension and higher values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure were recorded in the exposed subjects.

Conclusions: Cadmium in occupationally-exposed individuals appears to induce an increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and an increase in the prevalence of hypertension.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Cadmium / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Prevalence


  • Cadmium