Comparison of double inversion recovery and conventional magnetic resonance brain imaging in patients with multiple sclerosis and relations with disease disability

Neuroradiol J. 2013 Apr;26(2):133-42. doi: 10.1177/197140091302600201. Epub 2013 May 10.


Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, predominantly affecting the white matter, but also the grey matter. Aim of this study was to detect MS lesions with double inversion recovery (DIR), fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) techniques and determine the sensitivity of these techniques, and the correlation between the number of lesions and expanded disability state scale (EDSS) scores. Thirty-four patients with MS (20 females and 14 males) were included in this study. DIR and conventional MR (T2-A, FLAIR) sequences were obtained. Lesions were counted and classified as belonging to one of seven anatomical regions: cortical, juxtacortical, deep grey matter, deep white matter, mixed white matter-grey matter, periventricular white matter and infratentorial. The correlation between lesion number and EDSS scores was investigated. DIR images showed more intracortical and mixed white matter-grey matter lesions in comparison with both FLAIR and T2 sequences (p=0, p=0 respectively). There was a significant difference between mean lesion numbers at the juxtacortical region, obtained with DIR and T2-weighted images (p = 0.002). The total number of lesions obtained with all methods was similar. DIR brain imaging had the highest sensitivity in the detection of cortical and mixed white matter - grey matter lesions, compared with FLAIR and T2 sequences. In addition, the lesions obtained with DIR images were more easily visualized.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Brain Mapping
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Disabled Persons*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Sclerosis / pathology*
  • Multiple Sclerosis / physiopathology*
  • Young Adult