Sera and tracheal washings (TW) were used to identify antigens of Bordetella avium recognized during experimentally induced bordetellosis in young turkeys. Pooled sera and TW were examined for antibody by a microtitration agglutination test and by western immunoblotting. In addition, comparable samples collected from 1-day-old turkeys and uninoculated control turkeys also were examined. At least 8 outer membrane proteins of B avium were recognized in immunoblots of sera and TW from infected turkeys. Reactivity of TW in immunoblots was qualitatively similar but less intense, compared with reactivity of corresponding sera collected on postinoculation (PI) weeks 2, 3, and 4. Molecular weights of the major outer membrane proteins of B avium recognized by sera and TW at PI week 4 were 100,000, 97,000, 36,000, 31,000, 21,000, 18,000, 14,000, and less than 14,000. A protein with a molecular weight of 55,000 reacted nonspecifically in all samples tested. Antibody, detectable by microtitration agglutination, was in sera of 1-day-old turkeys and in sera and TW of B avium-infected turkeys during PI weeks 2 to 4.