Pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of flooring to reduce injuries from falls in wards for older people

Age Ageing. 2013 Sep;42(5):633-40. doi: 10.1093/ageing/aft067. Epub 2013 Jul 17.


Background: falls disproportionately affect older people, who are at increased risk of falls and injury. This pilot study investigates shock-absorbing flooring for fall-related injuries in wards for frail older people.

Methods: we conducted a non-blinded cluster randomised trial in eight hospitals in England between April 2010 and August 2011. Each site allocated one bay as the 'study area', which was randomised via computer to intervention (8.3-mm thick Tarkett Omnisports EXCEL) or control (2-mm standard in situ flooring). Sites had an intervention period of 1 year. Anybody admitted to the study area was eligible. The primary outcome was the fall-related injury rate. Secondary outcomes were injury severity, fall rate and adverse events.

Results: during the intervention period, 226 participants were recruited to each group (219 and 223 were analysed in the intervention and control group, respectively). Of 35 falls (31 fallers) in the intervention group, 22.9% were injurious, compared with 42.4% of 33 falls (22 fallers) in the control group [injury incident rate ratio (IRR) = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.18-1.91]. There were no moderate or major injuries in the intervention group and six in the control group. The fall IRR was 1.07 (95% CI = 0.64-1.81). Staff at intervention sites raised concerns about pushing equipment, documenting one pulled back.

Conclusions: future research should assess shock-absorbing flooring with better 'push/pull' properties and explore increased faller risk. We estimate a future trial will need 33,480-52,840 person bed-days per arm.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00817869.

Keywords: 80 and over; aged; floors and floorcoverings; hospitals; older people; randomised controlled trial.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidental Falls*
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cluster Analysis
  • England
  • Female
  • Floors and Floorcoverings*
  • Hospital Units*
  • Humans
  • Injury Severity Score
  • Inpatients*
  • Male
  • Odds Ratio
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Wounds and Injuries / diagnosis
  • Wounds and Injuries / etiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control*

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00817869