Fenton treatment of landfill leachate under different COD loading factors

Waste Manag. 2013 Oct;33(10):2116-22. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2013.06.019. Epub 2013 Jul 17.


The application of Fenton treatment technology for treatment of landfill leachate greatly depends on the optimum Fenton operating conditions for a specific leachate. Determining optimum Fenton conditions requires multiple experiments using variable reaction parameters (pH, temperature, and H2O2 and Fe(2+) doses) and previous researches show a wide range of optimal operating conditions. In this study, the applicability of the dimensionless loading factor (LCOD), which is defined as the initial COD (COD0) of leachate with respect to available O2 for oxidation, was examined to derive optimum Fenton oxidant dose using reduced set of experiments. The Fenton experiments were conducted using leachates with three different COD0 concentrations, 1092, 546, and 273mgL(-1), LCOD in the range of 0.25-1.0, and H2O2/Fe(2+) 1.8 (w/w). The experimental data were analyzed to determine the correlation between the LCOD factor and selected feasibility parameters, amongst which were: (i) the COD removal kinetics, (ii) the total COD removal, (iii) the usability of H2O2 with respect to COD removal, (iv) leachate biodegradability, and (v) treatment cost incurred by chemical usage. The experimental COD removal with respect to the amount of O2 supplied by H2O2 was compared with respect to the optimum COD removal efficiency by the equation: η(FP(optimum)=0.733L(COD)-0.182 as developed by Singh and Tang (2013) and a LCOD of 0.75 was determined to be the optimum L(COD) for leachate treatment.

Keywords: Chemical oxidation; Fenton oxidation; Hydrogen peroxide; Landfill leachate; Oxidation efficiency.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Biological Oxygen Demand Analysis*
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / chemistry
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Iron / chemistry
  • Kinetics
  • Temperature
  • Time Factors
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry*
  • Water Purification / economics
  • Water Purification / methods*


  • Fenton's reagent
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Iron