Efficacy of centhaquin as a small volume resuscitative agent in severely hemorrhaged rats

Am J Emerg Med. 2013 Sep;31(9):1315-21. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2013.05.032. Epub 2013 Jul 19.


Centhaquin has been reported to be an effective resuscitative agent. The present study was carried out to determine resuscitative effect of centhaquin when administered using a small volume of 3% hypertonic saline (HS) to hemorrhaged rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized with urethane, and a pressure catheter SPR-320 was placed in the left femoral artery; another pressure-volume catheter SPR-869 was placed into the left ventricle. Hemorrhage was induced by withdrawing blood and mean arterial pressure (MAP) was maintained at 35 mm Hg for 30 minutes after which resuscitation was performed. Animals were divided in 2 groups: group A received HS and group B received centhaquin (0.05 mg/kg) dissolved in HS. The time by which MAP fell back to 35 mm Hg was observed at that time all animals were administered fresh blood. It was found that centhaquin significantly reduced blood lactate and improved cardiac output and MAP of hemorrhaged rats compared with HS. The time by which MAP fell back to 35 mm Hg in rats treated with HS was 55 ± 6 minutes, whereas it was 161 ± 14 minutes in centhaquin treated rats. Survival time following administration of fresh blood was 79 ± 7 minutes in vehicle-treated group, whereas it was 105 ± 9 minutes in centhaquin-treated rats. The total time of survival of rats treated with HS or centhaquin was 134 ± 12 minutes and 266 ± 16 minutes, respectively. Centhaquin, in small volume, maintained MAP of hemorrhaged rats for a considerable long time and improved the survival time.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Gas Analysis
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Cardiac Output / drug effects
  • Cardiotonic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Cardiotonic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Exsanguination / drug therapy*
  • Exsanguination / mortality
  • Hematocrit
  • Lactates / blood
  • Male
  • Piperazines / administration & dosage
  • Piperazines / therapeutic use*
  • Potassium / blood
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Resuscitation / methods*
  • Sodium / blood
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vascular Resistance / drug effects


  • Cardiotonic Agents
  • Lactates
  • Piperazines
  • centhaquine
  • Sodium
  • Potassium