Acute gastroenteritis surveillance through the National Outbreak Reporting System, United States

Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 Aug;19(8):1305-9. doi: 10.3201/eid1908.130482.


Implemented in 2009, the National Outbreak Reporting System provides surveillance for acute gastroenteritis outbreaks in the United States resulting from any transmission mode. Data from the first 2 years of surveillance highlight the predominant role of norovirus. The pathogen-specific transmission pathways and exposure settings identified can help inform prevention efforts.

Keywords: United States; acute gastroenteritis; bacteria; chemicals; enteric infections; foodborne disease; non-infectious causes; norovirus; outbreaks; parasites; pathogens; surveillance; toxins; viruses; waterborne disease.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Caliciviridae Infections / epidemiology*
  • Caliciviridae Infections / transmission
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Epidemiological Monitoring
  • Gastroenteritis / epidemiology*
  • Gastroenteritis / virology
  • Humans
  • Salmonella Food Poisoning / epidemiology
  • Salmonella Food Poisoning / transmission
  • Salmonella Infections / epidemiology
  • Salmonella Infections / transmission
  • Seasons
  • United States / epidemiology